I have two criminal records for Passchier van Steenstraten (bap. 13 June 1684 in Leiden, d. before 12 February 1745). The first record is dated 28 June 1726 and is due to Passchier committing adultery with Lijs Spek. Passchier is exiled for 25 years from Leiden, Rhineland, The Hague and Haggambacht as a result. Almost three years later on 31 March 1729, he violated the ban, is imprisoned in Leiden,
and is given a three-year extension to the previously imposed ban.
I am trying to understand the cultural aspects of this ban. Was it common for a man to be exiled for adultery? Where is it likely that Passchier, a 41-year-old cloth worker, would have gone to live? Jannetje and their children either moved with him or clearly visited him as she bore their 11th child after the exile. Are there some possible places that a factory worker would go that were close enough to Leiden that Jannetje could visit him? Or, allow Jannetje to return for the 10tth and 11th children's baptisms? It is unlikely they had enough money as a cloth worker to travel back and forth to a far-off location.
I cannot read Dutch. Are there details on the records that are missing from the transcribed information on https://www.erfgoedleiden.nl/ (see below)?
Details: Passchier and his wife Jannetje Dosijn//Doosijn have 11 children. The 10th and 11th children (Maria and Passchier) are born after Passchier is exiled and baptized in Leiden. Maria is baptized in Leiden 16 February 1727, eight months after her father is exiled. Passchier is baptized in Leiden 12 July 1731. Jannetje Dosijn married second Willem Kolderman at Leiden 12 February 1745. Jannetje's former husband is shown as Passchier van Steenstraet on that record.
See the link below for both records:
The 28 juni 1726 crimineel record is on p. 29v (image 36 of 93) - Passchier Steenstraten
The 31 maart 1729 crimineel record is on p. 30v (image 37 of 64) - Passchier van Steenstraten
Thank you so much in advance for any help provided!
Susan Thomas - 30 jun 2022 - 23:12
By the way, apparently he nevertheless lived in Leiden in 1731, because he has been buried there.
HIs youngest son was named after him, as usual.
Jan CIavaux - 1 jul 2022 - 11:37 (laatst bijgewerkt 1 jul 2022 — 11:42 door auteur)
I think there is only one option: that he asked for a pardon about 1729/1730 and obtained it.
And that the list of persons who have been pardoned (if it existed) has been lost in time.
under "Criminele rechtspraak"
About the pardoning, maybe it was obvious that he didn't have long to live ?
Jan CIavaux - 1 jul 2022 - 12:37 (laatst bijgewerkt 1 jul 2022 — 14:18 door auteur)
There is an interrogation of Passchier in another criminal law book, which shows some light on what had happened. You can read all about through this < LINK >. Apparently, three years before, Passchier went to Dordrecht looking for work, and stayed there for a while at his aunt Marij Doesijn's place. After that, he went and stayed with Lijs Spek, whose husband was in Oost-Indië (she and her husband had been living in Leiden before). There was also a prostitute living there, and Lijs was summoned to leave the city because as her place was seen as a brothel (if I understand it all correctly).
They then went to Rotterdam, and from there back to Leiden where Passchier was reunited with his wife and Lijs went to stay somewhere else. After a few days however, she asked if she could stay at Passchier's place for a while, which was allowed.
I think Passchier's wife (or his mother) made a complaint at the court (after the heard tht he had been intimate with Lijs) , and Passchier was summoned to appear for the court, but he and Lijs left for the town of Gouda and they lived there for two years. Passchier then went back to his wife.
There are several questions about Passchier having intercourse with Lijs (he admitted that) and the prostitute in Dordrecht (he denied that) and the abuse of his wife (at last she left him and stayed alsewhere).
Ideally, it would be best if it was transcripted completerly to inderstand it better, but that is a really lot of work.
Your question where he could have been staying after he was banned is answered in a second interrogation in 1729:
< LINK > : he stayed in Delft and Gouda. He came back because he was ill an longing for his wife....
Frans Angevaare - 1 jul 2022 - 22:57
Passchier Steenstraten is not mentioned in the "Poorterboek" of Gouda. [a citizen admission book]
You did not had to do much wrong to be exiled. An ancestor was poaching eels around Gouda and was banned for two years from the city. 1775
Another one was caught with a drawn sable  walking in the middle of the night in Gouda. He was banned for three years after one year of prison. He returned within that three year period and was banned from the provinces of Holland and moved to Brabant
Jan Achterberg - 2 jul 2022 - 08:32
Thanks to each of you for your very helpful responses! I have someone I can hire to translate the additional court document. That document puts meat on the bones of Passchier's story. Thank you Frans Angevaare for forwarding the link and explaining the document!
Thanks to Jan Clavaux for the burial document and talking about the pardon book. I did not even think of that possibility and will keep it in mind with future research.
Jan Achterburg, thanks again for your help and your comments on my threads! Also, thanks for checking into the Gouda records!
Susan Thomas - 2 jul 2022 - 18:44
I have one additional question. Why would Passchier van Steenstraten be exiled from four locations instead of only Leiden where he was tried as a criminal? Did Leiden, The Hague, Rhineland and Haggambacht have a treaty in regards to criminals?
Also, I cannot find Haggambacht on modern maps. Is that an archaic spelling of a modern location? Or, is it a defunct place name? If the entity it represented no longer exists what is it now called or part of?
Susan Thomas - 2 jul 2022 - 18:51
To put it simply (which it isn't) Haagambacht was de countryside around Den Haag (The Hague)
And there must have been a treaty, otherwise the expelling was useless of course.
Jan CIavaux - 2 jul 2022 - 19:29 (laatst bijgewerkt 2 jul 2022 — 19:44 door auteur)
It stems from the time when Holland (the county, not the country that people sometimes call Holland) was ruled by the counts of Holland. Like Jan says, the legal system was very complicated. A place could be granted city rights by the count - Leiden was such a place (and Gouda, Dordrecht and a lot more). Basically, this meant they these towns could make their own laws and rules.
These city rights were often different from town to town, for example the way the aldermen were chosen was different in Leiden compared to others.
Rijnland is the countryside around Leiden, and in the south borders on Den Haag and Haagambacht. In some respects Leiden was regarded as the capital of Rijnland - for instance tax collection, and Gravensteen the prison were Passchier was held, was also the prison for Rijnland (it's still there, by the way < LINK >).
The right to ban people from Rijnland, Hage ende Haagambagt was granted to Leiden in 1434 by Duke Philips, who then was also Count of Holland. For comparison, Amsterdam had the same right for the city itself and a mile outside the city boundaries.
Frans Angevaare - 2 jul 2022 - 21:14
Thanks again to both Jan and Frans! Those explanations really helped me understand the places named and why they were included in the criminal record.
Susan Thomas - 2 jul 2022 - 21:32
De auteur van het eerste bijdrage in dit bericht heeft aangegeven dat de vraag is beantwoord of het probleem is opgelost.
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